Jumat, 06 Desember 2019

Types of Foods Containing Vitamin K

Eating foods that contain vitamin K can provide a number of benefits, including maintaining healthy bones and heart. In addition, vitamin K is also needed by the body because it plays an important role in preventing severe bleeding when you have an injury. Unlike other types of vitamins, vitamin K is fairly foreign and rarely a concern of Indonesian people. In fact, vitamin K is one of the important nutrients for health. Lack of vitamin K can increase your risk of osteoporosis and heart disease, and cause a number of conditions, such as easy bruising and difficult to heal wounds. Basically, vitamin K is a type of fat-soluble vitamin. Adult men and women are encouraged to consume vitamin K around 55-65 micrograms every day. Meanwhile, in adolescent men and women aged 10-15 years, vitamin K should be consumed as much as 35-55 micrograms. Then, in infants and children, the recommended amount of daily consumption of vitamin K is 5-20 micrograms. To meet daily vitamin K needs, it is important to eat nutritious foods, including foods that are rich in vitamin K.

Foods that contain Vitamin K

To consume foods that contain vitamin K, make sure you wash them thoroughly and cook them until they are fully cooked. If not, germs that may still be left in these foods can enter the body and cause infection. The following are some foods that contain vitamin K:

1. Green vegetables

One of the green vegetables that contain lots of vitamin K is spinach. In 1 cup of spinach, there are about 145 micrograms of vitamin K. In addition to spinach, other green vegetables that contain vitamin K are kale, broccoli, cabbage, cabbage, green beans, and turnips.

2. Fruits

Pomegranate is a fruit that contains vitamin K. There are about 20 micrograms of vitamin K in each 1 pomegranate. To consume it, you can process it into juice or fruit ice. If you don't really like pomegranates, you can eat other fruits that also contain vitamin K, which are plums, kiwis, blueberries, avocados, tomatoes, and grapes.

3. Vegetable oil

Vegetable oil is oil made from plants. Vegetable oils are often claimed to be healthy oils. Apart from being fortified with vitamin K, some vegetable oils also have lower cholesterol levels compared to other types of oils. One of the vegetable oils that contain vitamin K is canola oil. Only by using 1 tablespoon of canola oil for cooking, you already get about 10 micrograms of vitamin K. Besides canola oil, other vegetable oils that contain vitamin K are soybean oil and olive oil.

4. Nuts

You can get 10 micrograms of vitamin K from 30 grams of cashews. This number means that it fulfills around 20% of the daily needs of adults. In addition to vitamin K, cashews are also enriched with various other nutrients that are beneficial to health, including protein, calcium, magnesium, folate, and fiber. In addition to cashews, vitamin K is also contained in quite high amounts in other types of beans, such as soybeans, green beans, peas, and kidney beans. In addition to vegetables, nuts, fruits, and oils, vitamin K can also be obtained from animal products as follows:
  • Cheese.
  • Meat.
  • Offal, such as beef and chicken hearts.
  • Egg.
  • Milk.
  • Seafood, such as fish and shrimp.
Foods that contain vitamin K are easy to find and most have a delicious taste. However, in order to be well absorbed, avoid consuming foods with vitamin K content when using certain drugs, such as warfarin, antibiotics, orlistat, and bile acid binding agents. Therefore, drug interactions between these drugs with vitamin K can make it difficult for vitamin K to be absorbed by the body and this effect can be detrimental to your health. If you feel that your daily nutritional intake is not enough to meet the needs of vitamin K, you can take vitamin K supplements. However, you need to consult with your nutritionist before using the supplement to get the right dose.

Eye Bag Surgery, Preparation, Process, and Recovery

Eye bag surgery can be done if you want to remove eye bags and wrinkles around the eyes. However, before deciding to undergo eye bag surgery, find out first how the procedure, preparation, until recovery, and how much it costs. Eye bags are a condition when the lower eyelid swells, sags, and looks swollen. These eye bags can form due to accumulation of fat or fluid in the eyelids, so the eyes look a bit swollen. This is caused by the weakening of the tissues and muscles around the eyes. The main trigger is the aging factor, but it could also be due to heredity, smoking habits, allergies, lack of sleep, or frequent consumption of salty foods. There are many ways to remove eye bags. The easiest and cheapest is a simple treatment that can be done at home, such as eye compresses and enough sleep. But if the eye bags are too large, interfere with appearance, or obstruct the view, eye bags surgery can be the solution. That is, if you are ready to pay more.

Regarding Eye Bag Operation Information

In the medical world, eye bag or eyelid surgery is called blepharoplasty. This plastic surgical procedure aims to improve the shape and structure of the lower or upper eyelid. The result, eyes that were swollen and look loose will look firmer. Interested in undergoing eye bag surgery? Here are some things you need to know:

1. Eye bag surgery costs

The cost to perform eyelid surgery varies, depending on the hospital that is doing it. In some hospitals in Indonesia, the cost of this procedure ranges from 12 million to more than 25 million rupiah.

2. Preparation before eye bag surgery

Before undergoing eye bag surgery, there are several things you need to prepare, namely:
  • Choose a plastic surgeon specialist who is experienced in performing blepharoplasty surgery procedures.
  • Maintain a healthy body condition overall.
  • Maintain the tissues and muscles around the eyes in good condition, and ensure there are no serious conditions in the eye.
  • Do not smoke for at least 3-4 weeks before surgery.
  • Stop taking certain medications, such as blood-thinning medications or certain herbal supplements, before you want to undergo eye bag surgery.
  • Make a vacation plan for several days because you have to rest after surgery.
Before performing surgery, you will usually need a consultation session to the doctor to determine whether you need to undergo eye bag surgery and when the operation can be done. During the examination, the doctor will usually ask a number of things, including information about the history of the disease and the medication being consumed and the reason why you want to undergo eye bag surgery. After that, the doctor will conduct a thorough physical examination, including an eye examination by an ophthalmologist. When consulting, make sure you understand the information clearly and in detail about the benefits and risks of the side effects of surgery to be performed by a doctor. Similarly, some instructions that need to be done before and after surgery.

3. Eye bag surgery procedures

After the surgery schedule is determined, you will be notified by the doctor when you need to go to the hospital and whether you need to stay at the hospital. The eye bag surgery procedures, namely:
  • You will be asked to come to the hospital to undergo surgery preparation.
  • Before the surgery begins, the doctor will give anesthesia or local anesthesia around the eye.
  • After the anesthesia starts working, the doctor will then make an incision right under the eyelashes or on the inside of the lower eyelid.
  • Excess skin and fat on the eyelids are cut and removed.
  • After the surgery is complete, the surgical wound will be sutured. The stitches will usually open a week later.
The estimated time required for eye bags surgery is around 1-2 hours. Usually patients will be allowed to go home the same day. However, it is sometimes possible to perform eye bags surgery with general anesthesia. If done with general anesthesia, recovery time and observation in hospital may be longer than eye bags surgery using local anesthesia in the eye.

4. Recovery and postoperative care

To help the recovery process after eye bags, there are a number of things you must do, namely:
  • Supporting or raising your head with a pillow while sleeping for several days.
  • Clean the eyelids slowly and use ointments or eye drops that have been prescribed by the doctor.
  • Compress the eye with a cold compress to reduce pain and swelling.
  • Wear sunglasses to protect eyes from the sun and wind.
  • Taking pain relievers to ease pain. Doctors can give pain relievers, such as ketorolac, ibuprofen, and celecoxib.
  • Not doing strenuous activities and swimming for several days.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Do not use contact lenses or rub the eyes.
The final results of surgery will usually be seen within a few weeks after surgery. But remember, the incision used in surgery takes at least a year to fully recover. You should also see the surgeon again for further post-operative periodic examinations. Generally, eye bags surgery does not need to be repeated. Nevertheless, your eyes will continue to age over time and maybe the eye bags will be re-visible.

5. Complications of eye bag surgery

After eye bag surgery, there may be various complaints around the eyes. This common condition will usually recover within 2 weeks. Some of the complaints are:
  • Mild pain in the eyelids.
  • Bruising and swelling around the eyes.
  • Numbness around the eyes.
  • The eyes feel dry or even runny.
  • The view looks blurry or shaded.
  • Eye irritation.
  • The eyes become more sensitive to light.
However, immediately go to the doctor if after undergoing eye bag surgery you experience the following complications:
  • Blurred or double vision.
  • The eyes look asymmetrical.
  • There are blood clots under the skin of the eyes.
  • Scarring or keloids appear.
  • The muscles of the eye are injured, the sign is if the eyelid is difficult to open or close.
  • The eyelids fold outward, so that there is a cavity between the eye and the eyelid (ectropion).
  • Excessive bleeding.
  • Infection.
  • Reactions to anesthetics, for example dizziness, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, and severe headaches that do not go away after surgery.
Because eye bags surgery requires a lot of money and has some risks and complications, you can consider other treatment options to disguise eye bags. The treatment can be in the form of laser eyelid skin treatment, chemical peels, or fillers. You can get information about this treatment by consulting an eye doctor.

Recognize the Symptoms of High Blood Sugar Before It's Too Late

High blood sugar or hyperglycaemia is a condition when glucose levels in the blood increase. This condition, which is commonly experienced by those who suffer from diabetes, can be dangerous if it continues. Therefore, recognize the symptoms and how to deal with high blood sugar before it's too late. Anyone can experience high blood sugar, even in people who don't have diabetes. This condition can occur in those who have a heart attack, suffer from a severe infection, severe stress, pancreatic disorders, or stroke. For diabetics, high blood sugar levels can be caused by forgetting to take glucose-lowering drugs or inject insulin. Stress, infection, lack of exercise, consuming too much carbohydrate, or doing heavy physical activity when insulin levels are low can also be a trigger for high blood sugar.

Be careful if you experience some of these symptoms

Increased blood sugar levels in some people may not show any symptoms. However, try to pay attention to some of the signs below to prevent high blood sugar from happening suddenly.
  • A decrease in body weight, but increased appetite.
  • Often feel thirsty and dry mouth.
  • Frequent urination, especially at night.
  • The skin is itchy and feels dry.
  • Easy to feel sleepy and tired.
  • Vision becomes blurry.
  • Headache.
  • Difficult to concentrate.
  • Tingling.
  • Feeling pain in the abdomen.
  • Susceptible to infections, such as skin infections, canker sores, and bladder infections.
The symptoms above can get worse if not treated immediately. Even some people with high blood sugar can experience additional symptoms, such as dehydration, dizziness when standing, shortness of breath, until unconsciousness. For that, consult a doctor immediately if you feel the symptoms above, especially if you have a history of diabetes.

Find Out How To Overcome It Here

So that the condition of high blood sugar levels does not worsen, then start to adopt a healthy lifestyle, for example:
  • Change your diet to be healthier

  • Eating foods that have a low glycemic index (IG) is known to prevent an increase in blood sugar levels and keep blood sugar levels stable. Choose healthy foods that are rich in fiber and protein such as fruits, vegetables, fish that contain omega-3s, garlic, beans, and whole grains are foods that have a low glycemic index. But remember, do not mix these foods with sugar and sweetened condensed milk when processing them.
  • Exercise regularly

  • In addition to paying attention to food intake, regular exercise also plays a role in helping to reduce blood sugar levels. When your muscles contract during exercise, this can stimulate cells in the body to use insulin to use glucose as energy. That way, blood sugar can be more controlled. Some sports that you can do, including walking, running, swimming, and cycling.
  • Reduce stress

  • Stress also has an impact on increasing blood sugar. When the body experiences stress, both physical and psychological stress, the hormone cortisol and glucagon will be released, both hormones can cause an increase in blood sugar levels. Uncontrolled stress in the long run can cause an increase in blood sugar that is difficult to control and worsen the body's condition. Therefore, it is recommended to reduce stress with adequate rest, do relaxation with meditation or yoga, and counseling.
  • Increase the consumption of water

  • Adequate intake of water every day can also reduce blood sugar levels in diabetics. This is because water can help the kidneys pass blood sugar through urine. In addition, adequate water intake can prevent you from dehydration. Therefore, start to meet your daily intake of water and avoid consuming high-calorie drinks, such as soft drinks.
Do not underestimate abnormalities in your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels that are left can cause serious complications, namely diabetic ketoacidosis, where the body cannot process blood sugar due to lack of insulin levels in the body. Love yourself, avoid high blood sugar by continuously monitoring the food you consume and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. In addition, routinely do blood tests to find out the gular levels in your blood. Immediately consult your condition to the doctor if high blood sugar occurs continuously.

How to relieve cough at night

Coughing at night can make sufferers not sleep well. Though to be able to recover quickly, the body needs lots of rest. But, you dont have to worry. There are several ways you can do to relieve complaints of cough at night. Coughing is the body's natural way to cleanse the throat and respiratory tract from germs, viruses, and pollution and dirt, such as dust, cigarette smoke, or mucus. Coughing is also often felt during colds, allergies, or asthma. In some cases, coughing due to irritation or infection in the respiratory tract can be felt more severe or more disturbing at night. If it's like this, the sufferer will have difficulty sleeping and resting. A cough that gets worse at night can be caused by several conditions and diseases, for example:
  • Respiratory disorders, such as asthma, COPD, bronchitis, and ARI.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Heart disorders, such as heart failure or heart valve disease.
  • Gastric acid disease (GERD).
  • Sleep apnea.
  • Side effects of drugs, such as high blood pressure medications, ACE inhibitors, beta blockers and NSAIDs.
  • Frequent smoking.

Various Ways to Relieve Cough at Night

To treat complaints of coughing at night, you need to do a doctor's examination. After the cause of the cough is known, the doctor will provide appropriate treatment to treat the cause. In addition to drugs, there are several ways you can do to relieve complaints of cough that interfere at night, namely:

1. Take a bath or bath with warm water before going to bed

Dry airways can make coughing at night worse. Bathing or soaking in warm water before bedtime can help moisturize the airways and relieve coughing. But if the cough you experience is caused by asthma, don't use this method. Because the steam inhaled during a bath or warm bath can actually worsen the symptoms of asthma.

2. Drink water or warm drinks before going to bed

Drinking water before bedtime can help thin the mucus in the airways and relieve coughing at night. In addition to water, drinking warm tea or lemon water mixed with honey can also be an option to relieve cough. But remember, honey can only be given to adults and children over the age of 1 year, yes!

3. Sleep with your head higher

Reclining position can cause you to cough more often. To outsmart, try to sleep with a higher pillow. Sleeping in this position will help drain mucus from the nose and throat. In addition to relieving coughs due to colds or cold coughs, sleeping in that position can also prevent stomach acid from rising into the throat (GERD) which can trigger coughing.

4. Use an air humidifier (humidifier) ​​in the bedroom

An air humidifier can help relieve a cough if the air in your bedroom tends to dry due to the use of air conditioners. Be sure to adjust the humidity level to only 40-50%, because the air is too humid can trigger the development of mites and fungi that can actually aggravate the cough. Another thing you need to remember is to avoid sleeping under the air from the fan or air conditioner directly, to prevent coughing from getting worse.

5. Make sure your bedding and bedding are clean

This is one of the tips to help relieve coughing at night due to allergies. Dust and mites are the most common allergens. So, make sure your bed and bedding are in a clean condition. Change sheets, pillowcases, bolsters and blankets every week. Wash all the bedding by soaking it first with hot water. After washing, dry in the sun to dry.

6. Take cough medicine

In addition to the methods above, you can also take cough medicine to relieve cough at night. Take a cough medicine that suits your type of cough. There are several types of cough medicine with different ingredients and functions, namely:
  • Expectorant

  • Expectorant cough medicine is used for cough with phlegm. This medicine works by thinning phlegm or phlegm, while reducing coughing.
  • Antitussive

  • Antitussive cough medicines, such as dextromethorphan, are used to treat dry cough. This medicine works by reducing the stimulation that can trigger a cough, so that the frequency of coughing can be reduced
  • Decongestants

  • Decongestants, such as phenylephrine and pseudoephedrine can help relieve coughing at night. This medication can relieve nasal congestion and relieve pressure on the sinus cavities due to allergies and colds.
  • Antihistamines

  • Antihistamines, such as brompheniramine and chlorpheniramine, are used for cough due to allergies, which are accompanied by symptoms of sneezing, itching in the nose and throat, and runny nose.
If the cough is caused by a viral infection, for example in the flu and ARI, then antibiotics are not needed. Giving antibiotics is only effective for dealing with coughs caused by bacterial infections. Coughing at night is indeed not infuriating. But be patient, because basically, cough is the body's way of getting rid of the cause of cough itself. With adequate rest and do a few tips above, coughing at night will usually subside within 1-2 weeks. Even so, beware if the cough at night gets worse, lasts more than 3 weeks, or is accompanied by high fever, shortness of breath, weight loss, and sputum green, yellow, or even accompanied by blood. These symptoms can indicate a serious disease, such as pneumonia, bronchitis, heart failure, or tuberculosis, which requires medical treatment. If you or a family member experiences such a cough, it is advisable to see a doctor immediately.

Understanding Facts about Hymen Surgery and its Reasons

Many think that hymen surgery can make a woman a virgin again. Not a few are willing to spend up to tens of millions of rupiah for this operation. So, is it true that hymen surgery can restore virginity? Hymen surgery is a plastic surgery procedure that aims to repair or reconstruct a torn hymen. In medical terms, this procedure is known as hymenorrhaphy or hymenoplasty. Hymen or hymen is a thin membrane located in the middle of the vagina and lining the vaginal opening. The shape of the hymen each woman is generally different, so are the elasticity and thickness. When the membrane is torn, usually a woman will experience temporary bleeding and a little pain in the vagina. Tearing of the hymen is often seen as a sign that a woman is not a virgin, apart from many things other than sexual relations that can cause the hymen to tear.

Then, Who Needs to Have Hymen Surgery?

Women who want to restore the original structure of their hymen, can undergo this operation. The following are common reasons for women who want to undergo hymen surgery:
  • Getting status and a sign of virginity when married. Usually, this reason is urged by social demands, as well as self and family honor.
  • Repairing the hymen damaged by sexual violence or rape. This procedure is expected to provide emotional and psychological relief for victims.
  • Repairing the hymen damaged due to injury.
  • Satisfy your partner by giving the sensation of blood loss during intercourse, like a virgin.

Hymen Surgery To Be A Virgin Again, Is It Necessary?

Whether or not a person undergoes hymen surgery depends on each individual, including how to think about the presence of the hymen and its relation to virginity. In some countries, including Indonesia, virginity is a symbol of women's holiness and morality. Virginity is often defined as the condition of the hymen that is still intact when first having sex. Women are considered not virgins if they do not bleed from the vagina when they first have sex. The tearing of the hymen can indeed be caused by sexual intercourse involving penetration of the penis into the vagina. However, the integrity of the hymen cannot be a benchmark of a woman's virginity. This is because the hymen can also be torn due to several other causes, such as:
  • Sports or strenuous physical activity, such as falling from a motorized vehicle, while biking, or riding a horse.
  • Use of tampons.
  • Masturbation using a finger or sex toy.
  • Gynecological examination using a special instrument (such as a speculum) that is inserted into the vagina.
In some cases, the hymen is very elastic, so sexual penetration may not necessarily be able to tear it. In fact, there are women who are born without the hymen. Thus, the absence of blood when sexual penetration is first performed does not mean that a woman is not a virgin. Moreover, the definition of virginity is actually a woman who has never or never had sexual relations penetratively or inserted a penis into the vagina. So medically, hymen surgery cannot restore a woman's virginity. However, this procedure can help repair a woman's sex organs so that they look like they have never had sex.

How are the Hymen Surgery Procedures Performed?

The hymen surgery is performed by the surgeon by sewing back the remaining hymen that has been torn or damaged. Before the operation is performed, the anesthesiologist will administer local anesthesia. In certain situations, this procedure can be performed with general anesthesia. After the anesthetic has taken effect, the doctor will sew the inner and outer layers of the hymen to resemble the hymen initially. In this procedure, the doctor will usually use a sewing thread that can be absorbed by the body, so you don't need to go back to the doctor to remove the stitches. After surgery, the hymen will be cleaned with warm water and an antibiotic ointment will be given on the suture line. Hymen surgery usually does not cause severe pain. But if there is pain, the doctor will give you painkillers. The doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to prevent the risk of postoperative infections. You need to know that hymen surgery also has a risk of complications, including:
  • Infection
  • Pain in the intimate organs
  • The appearance of scars
  • Hymen deformity
In addition to sewing the torn hymen remaining, hymen reconstruction surgery can also be done by another method, namely by placing an artificial hymen made of gelatin material and containing artificial blood. Postoperative recovery time ranges from 4-6 weeks. During recovery time, you are advised not to have sex. Treatment that needs to be done is generally only to wash and clean the vulva gently 4 times a day, each after urinating or defecating. Until now, there has not been much research on the long-term side effects or complications of hymen surgery. Therefore, whatever your reason for doing this surgery, you should first consult with a plastic surgeon or obstetrician who is experienced in performing hymenoplasty procedures.
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